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Coffee 101

Welcome! We would like to tell you more about coffee, and how each step of the coffee process from farm to cup affects the taste. This would also help you understand what is written in the coffee labels, such as the origin of the beans, the type of beans inside each bag, the process used, the level of roasting, and the grind. Here you would also find the different brewing methods and what is the proper way to brew based on the equipment you’re using.

origins

Coffee trees do not grow just about anywhere. There is what we call a coffee belt in the world, and there is a required amount of rainfall and elevation for the beans to grow. Read more to find out about coffee origins all over the world and how location and elevation plays an important role in taste.

types of beans

There are different types of beans — arabica, robusta, liberica and excelsa. Each with their own unique characteristics and taste profiles. Arabica is grown mostly in high altitudes that affect acidity and taste of the beans while the other can be grown in lower altitudes.

processING methods

Once the beans are harvested, they are processed so that the pulp is removed from the green beans. There are different ways of doing this. Some beans are naturally dried, some are washed, and some go through the honey process. Read more to find the differences in each process.

sorting and grading

Once the beans are dried, they go through sorting to determine the grade of the beans. There are different grades of beans: specialty, premium, exchange grade, standard grade and off grade. VerraCoffee beans are either specialty, or premium. Read more to find the different types of grades and what you should look for when purchasing coffee.

roasting

There are different types of roasts, mainly it is light roast, medium light, medium, medium dark, dark, and the very dark roast. Some people would prefer one roast over the other, and certain roasts are more suited for a type of brew method. The level of roasting affects the taste of the coffee that you drink.

GRIND SIZEs

The grind size of your coffee willl depend largely on the equipment you use. There are five different grind sizes: coarse, medium coarse, medium, medium fine and fine. This section will give you an insight on the best grind size for the type of brew method that you use.

Brew methods

There are many brew methods, using different equipment, and each method requires a particular grind. In brewing, the size of the grind, the ratio of coffee to water, the temperature of the water, and the timing is very important. Read more to find out what’s the optimal coffee-to-water ratio and how you can extract the flavor of the coffee based on the equipment you use.